My interests in scholarship and pedagogy are in the areas of Animal Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation Biology. My main forcus of research examines the social behavior, communication, learning, and cognition in animals, and to date I have used various model species, such as lizards, fish, insects, birds, and cuttlefish. As such, I am interested in a number of broad areas in animal behavior, but often employ the best model to help answer questions. In studying different animal species, I have employed some non-traditional, yet technologically innovative tools such as video playback and the use of computer-generated animations. Currently, I study the behavior of pinnipeds (seals) both in the wild and in the laboratory with the Center for the Study of Pinniped Ecology & Cognition. In particular, I am interested in the population demographics of returning pinniped populations in the urban environment, such as New York City, as bioindicators of ecosystem health. By studying these populations, we may better understanding the dynamics of behavioral interactions between individuals that inhabit these locations, and how they may likley contend with intraspecific, interspecific, and anthropomorphic challenges on a seasonal basis. In the laboratory, we study cognition, learning, and senosry perception in seals by employing psychophysical trials that ask individuals to 'tell' us about their experiences to changes in the environment or perceived stimuli. To date, we have welcomed the opportunity to support undergraduate research students who have worked alongside our projects, and have gone onto successfull academic and professional careers.